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The Bakerian Lecture, on Some Chemical Agencies of Electricity
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The Bakerian Lecture, on Some Chemical Agencies of Electricity

By DAVY, Humphry

London, 1807. 1st Edition. Hardcover. Very Good. 1st Edition. Hardcover. 4to - over 9¾ - 12" tall. Journal extract from: Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London for the Year 1806, Vol. 97, Part One, published 1807. Slim 4to, pp. 1-56. Volume title, plus engraved plate at rear, some spotting, recent blue buckram gilt. ---- Sparrow 52, PMM 255 (remark) - Davy found that when he passed electrical current through some substances, these substances decomposed, (a process later called electrolysis). Davy must have known of Lavoisier's suggestion that the alkali earths were s of unknown metals. At first, he tried to separate the metals by electrolyzing aqueous solutions of the alkalis, but this yielded only hydrogen gas. He then tried passing current through molten compounds, and his persistence was rewarded when he was able to separate globules of pure metal by this means. His first successes came in 1807 with the separation of potassium from molten potash and of sodium from common salt. He described potassium as particles which, when thrown into water, "skimmed about excitedly with a hissing sound, and soon burned with a lovely lavender light." Dr. John Davy, Humphry's brother, said that Humphry "danced around and was delirious with joy" at his discovery. These results were presented in his second Bakerian lecture of November, 1807.

$885.36

Fundamenta chymiae dogmaticae & experimentalis
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Fundamenta chymiae dogmaticae & experimentalis

By STAHL, Ernst Georg

Nürnberg: Adelbulner für Endter, 1723. 1st Edition. Hardcover. Very Good. 1st Edition. Hardcover. 4to - over 9¾ - 12" tall. 4to (210x168 mm), iv, 255, [12] pp., endpapers renewed; title browned and soiled, verso stamped and with ms. note in ink; here and there backed" at joint, occasional dampstaining, browning and soiling. Modern half calf gilt with 4 raised bands. ---- Norman 2005; D.S.B.; Partington II, 662-64; Blake 430. Duveen 560. Neu 3900. Ferchl 513. Cole 1244, Honeyman 2895. - First Edition. Stahl was the originator of the phlogiston theory, which dominated chemistry until the end of the 18th century. Stahl took the structure of his theory from Becher, who had stated air, water and earth to be the three elementary principles with water and earth the basis of all material things, and who had further subdivided the principle of earth into the three principles of substantiality, combustibility and weight/ductility/volatility. Stahl elaborated from Becher's "second earth" a new chemical principle, phlogiston, a substance representing the principle of combustibility that combined with other chemical substances to form compounds. Experimental evidence for the existence of phlogiston came largely from metals and minerals, particularly from the reversible relationship of metals and their calces: when a metal was heated intensely, its phlogiston was driven off and a calx appeared, but when phlogiston was reintroduced to the calx (by heating it with carbon, oil, pitch or other phlogiston-rich materials), the metal reappeared. Air did not combine with phlogiston but received it when it was liberated during combustion; air could absorb only a limited amount of phlogiston, and when that limit was reached, combustion could not longer take place. The flaws in the phlogiston theory are obvious, and it did not survive the 18th century; however, it served as an important link between the older chemical concepts and the new, an attempt to modify the existing intellectual framework in order to account for new experimental observations (Norman). "Johann Samuel Carl, a student of Stahl's, arranged these lecture notes of Stahl's for publication with the author's approval. The lectures were first delivered in 1684 and manuscript copies being "abroad led to this authorized version.

$1051.37

SIR HUMPHRY DAVY: A group of 7 important papers on chemical and geological subjects (journal extracts)
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SIR HUMPHRY DAVY: A group of 7 important papers on chemical and geological subjects (journal extracts)

By DAVY, Humphry

1811. 1st Edition. Soft cover. Very Good. 1st Edition. Soft cover. 4to - over 9¾ - 12" tall. 1. On A Combination of Oxymuriatic Gas and Oxygene Gas, read February 21, 1811. Extract from: Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London for the Year 1811, Part One, pub. 1811, slim 4to, pp. 155-162. Modern stapled wrappers. ---- 2. On Some Combinations of Phosphorus and Sulphur, and On Some Other Subjects of Chemical Enquiry, read June 18, 1812. Extract from: Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London for the Year 1812. Slim 4to, pp. 405-415. Stapled. Paper somewhat frayed and soiled at margins. ---- 3. Further Experiments and Observations on Iodine, read June 16, 1814. Extract from: Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London for the Year 1814. Slim 4to, pp. 487-507. Stapled. ---- 4. Some experiments on a solid compound of iodine and oxygene, and on its chemical agencies, read April 20, 1815. Extract from: Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London for the Year 1815. 4to, pp. 203-213. Stapled. ---- 5. On the actions of acids on the salts usually called hyperoxymuriates, and on the gases produced from them, read May 4, 1815. Extract from: Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London for the Year 1815. 4to, pp. 214-219. Stapled. ---- 6. On the Phaenomena of Volcanoes, read March 20, 1828. Extract from: Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London for the Year 1828. 4to, pp. 241-250. Stapled. ----- 7. WHEATLEY, Henry B. Sir Humphry Davy, BART., P.R.S. Born December 17, 1778. Died May 29, 1829. Journal of the Royal Agricultural Society of England, Vol.65, 1904, 8vo, 26 pp.

$1660.05

De l'Aluminium, ses propriétés, sa fabrication et ses application
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De l'Aluminium, ses propriétés, sa fabrication et ses application

By SAINTE-CLAIRE DEVILLE, Henry

Paris: Mallet-Bachelier, 1859. 1st Edition. Hardcover. Very Good. 1st Edition. Hardcover. 8vo - over 7¾ - 9¾" tall. 8vo (210x132 mm), ix, (1), 176, 4, 4 pp., 1 folding engraved plate. Bound at the end are two journal extracts by the author, I. From: Journal de Pharmacie et de Chimie, August 1858, and II. From: Annales de Chimie et de Physique, Vol. 53, August 2, 1858. Foxed, first and last pages waterstained at outer margins. Ownership stamp (Grandeau) on half title. Contemporary half calf with 4 raised bands, spine gilt. Author's dedication copy to Louis Grandeau, French chemist and professor at Nancy University; inscribed and signed by the author on first flyleaf. Interesting association copy. ---- Sparrow, Milestones of Science 173; Duveen 524; Russo, p. 131; Bolton, I, 795; Poggendorf, II, 737; En français dans le texte, n¡ 279. - First edition. Both Oersted and Wöhler had attempted to develop a new light metal - possibly aluminum. Henri Étienne Sainte-Claire Deville, a French chemist, also undertook the task and after many experiments actually produced aluminum by laboratory methods (Sparrow). - PREMIERE EDITION. Très rare. Grande planche dépl. h.t. gravée sur métal et quelques figures sur bois dans le texte. Ouvrage fondamental, considéré comme l'un des textes les plus importants du XIXe siècle. En effet, Henri de Sainte-Claire Deville (1818-1881) prépara pour la première fois de l'aluminium pur en 1854; il en analysa les propriétés physiques et chimiques, et pressentit immédiatement l'utilisation que pourrait en faire l'industrie française. Napoléon III lui donna les moyens d'y arriver. En 1855, Jean-Baptiste Dumas présenta à l'Académie des sciences le premier lingot d'aluminium produit par Saint-Claire Deville. Dans son ouvrage, l'auteur traité des propriétés physiques et chimiques de ce nouveau métal mais aussi de sa préparation et de ses applications industrielles.

$553.35

Méthode de Nomenclature Chimique
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Méthode de Nomenclature Chimique

By MORVEAU, L.B. Guyton de; LAVOISIER, A.L.; BERTHOLLET, C.L.; FOURCROY, A.F. de

Paris: Cuchet, 1787. 1st Edition. Hardcover. Very Good. 1st Edition. Hardcover. 8vo - over 7¾ - 9¾" tall. 8vo (202x199 mm). [4], 314 pp. including half title, 6 folding plates; folding table. Contemporary half citron morocco over sprinkled boards, lettering piece chipped, extremities rubbed; contents little browned, occasional marginal dampstaining and spotting. With the bookplate of the Paris surgeon Joseph-Claude-Anthelme Récamier (1774-1852), who first recognized the process of metastasis in cancer. Bound with I: VIRICEL, Jean-Marie, fils. Memoire sur l'Art de preparer les Malades aux grandes Operations. 80 pages. [Lyons], An VII [1799]. Bound with II: SCHROEDER, Theodor Wilhelm. Historia febris bilioso-pituitoso-putridae quae... in variis Hassiae regionibus epidemice grassata est. 35 pages. Dampstained. Göttingen, 1784. ---- Sparrow 125; Norman 1291; Duveen & Klicksteen 126. - First edition, second issue, with woodcut floral ornament on title and no colophon on page 314. "The new chemical nomenclature, originally developed by de Morveau before he had converted to anti-phlogisticism, was adopted by Lavoisier as a means for communicating his new chemistry . . . With only slight modifications, Lavoisier and de Morveau's system remains the basis of modern chemical nomenclature."

$1106.70

Essai de Statique Chimique
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Essai de Statique Chimique

By BERTHOLLET, Claude-Louis

Paris: Didot, 1803. 1st Edition. Hardcover. Very Good. 1st Edition. Hardcover. 8vo - over 7¾ - 9¾" tall. 8vo (203x123 mm). 2 volumes, viii, 543 pp.; 555 [1] pp., including half titles. Old library stamps to half titles. Contemporary half leather over marbled boards, spine gilt (hinges repaired), some browning and spotting to pages, marbled endpapers. ---- Norman 221 - FIRST EDITION. Trained as a physician, the French chemist Berthollet attempted to provide a proper basis for chemistry, so that its experimental results could be viewed in the light of theoretical first principles. In his attempt to provide chemistry with an adequate theoretical foundation, Berthollet recognized the importance of the theory of affinity. According to the Essai, there were two main types of force in nature: gravitation, which accounted for astronomical phenomena, and chemical affinity. He proved that Chemical affinity was relative, varying with the physical conditions accompanying a chemical experiment: quantity, temperature, solubility, pressure, and physical state. Berthollet 'introduced the highly important concept of 'chemical mass'-relative affinity combined with the mass of reactants in a chemical combination-to give the total force with which a given quantity of a substance reacted with another' (Norman).

$664.02

Anleitung zur Analyse organischer Körper
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Anleitung zur Analyse organischer Körper

By LIEBIG, Justus

Braunschweig: Verlag Friedrich Vieweg u. Sohn, 1837. 1st Edition. Hardcover. Very Good. 1st Edition. Hardcover. 8vo - over 7¾ - 9¾" tall. 8vo (208x130 mm). [4], 72 pp., 2 folding copper engraved plates, 1 lithogr. plate and 2 folding charts. Contemporary three-quarter calf, label to spine (rubbing, chafing, spine-ends frayed), light brown-staining to plates and charts, backing to inner margin of 1 chart, 1 chart with tear to inner margin. ---- Horblit 67, Dibner 46, Paolini 237 - First edition of one of the first separately published treatises by Liebig. This copy with the rare additional folded table intended to be used as a wallchart backed by cardboard. "Important publication of the constitution of organic compounds, with description in detail of the modern method of chemical analysis" (Horblit). "His insistence that chemistry could be applied to agriculture marks the beginning of the practical applications of chemistry which dominated his life" (Dibner).

$1881.39

Versuch eines Systems der Elemente nach ihren Atomgewichten und chemischen Functionen
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Versuch eines Systems der Elemente nach ihren Atomgewichten und chemischen Functionen

By MENDELEEV, Dmitri Ivanovich

1869. 1st Edition. Hardcover. Very Good. 1st Edition. Hardcover. 8vo - over 7¾ - 9¾" tall. In: Journal für praktische Chemie 106, 1869, 8vo. p.251. ---- Sparrow 147 - The first appearance of Mendeleev's periodic table in a western journal. Mendeleev's work on Osnovy khimii led him directly in March 1869 to his formulation of the periodic law and table, in which the elements were grouped by atomic weight and grouped according to their chemical and physical properties. He famously used his table to predict accurately the elements which later came to be called gallium, germanium and scandium.

$2047.40

Etudes de dynamique chimique
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Etudes de dynamique chimique

By VAN'T HOFF, Jacobus Henricus

Amsterdam: Frederik Müller, 1884. 1st Edition. Hardcover. Near Fine. 1st Edition. Hardcover. 8vo - over 7¾ - 9¾" tall. 8vo., [4] [i] ii-iv, [1] 2-214 [2] pp., text wood-engravings. Original publishers wrappers, creased and dust soiled in margins. Upper spine chipped (professionally restored). Provenance: Strychnin specialist Prof. Franz Feist, with his ex-libris on title page. ---- Partington IV, pp. 658-60; Norman 2129. RARE FIRST EDITION, THE BIRTH OF PHYSICAL CHEMISTRY. Groundbreaking publication of Dutch chemist Van 't Hoff. Van't Hoff's treatise on chemical dynamics, in the words of his colleague Arrhenius, "develop[ed] an imposing and harmonious scheme for the whole subject of chemical influences and actions" (Partington IV, p.658). It dealt with reaction velocity, the theory of equilibrium, and the theory of affinity as based on free energy. Van't Hoff classified reaction velocities into unimolecular, bimolecular and multimolecular, wrote the equation for the effect of temperature on the equilibrium constant, and formulated the principle of mobile equilibrium (at constant volume, equilibriums tend to shift in such a direction as to oppose temperature changes imposed on a system) that became the basis of the Van't Hoff-Le Châtelier principle. In 1901 Van't Hoff received the first Nobel Prize in chemistry, in part for his work in chemical dynamics (Norman 2129).

$2158.07

Opuscules physiques et chymiques...tome premier (all published)
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Opuscules physiques et chymiques...tome premier (all published)

By LAVOISIER, Antoine Laurent

Paris: Durand, Didot le jeune Esprit, 1774. 1st Edition. Hardcover. Very Good. 1st Edition. Hardcover. 8vo - over 7¾ - 9¾" tall. 2 parts in one volume, 8vo (215 x 137 mm); the cancel leaves inserted at their correct places and not bound together after p. 434, 3 engraved plates, 19th century half leather, worn. A Duveen duplicate, with his bookplate on inner cover. --- Duveen 339b (this copy); Duveen and Klickstein 121; Wellcome III, p. 460; Norman 1288. - FIRST EDITION OF LAVOISIER'S FIRST MAJOR WORK, a 'pioneer work' (Duveen and Klickstein), in which Lavoisier first expressed his doubts about the phlogiston theory. The first part contains an historical review of the experiments with gases of Lavoisier's predecessors. In part 2 Lavoisier records the quantitative experiments in combustion and calcination that he had carried out with great excitement during the previous year, and which had 'confirmed Lavoisier's suspicions that air, or some constituent of air, played an important role in the processes of combustion and calcination' (DSB).

$1549.38