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A group of six papers and journal extracts by James Prescott Joule
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A group of six papers and journal extracts by James Prescott Joule

By JOULE, James Prescott

1845. 1st Edition. Soft cover. Very Good. 1st Edition. Soft cover. 4to - over 9¾ - 12" tall. 1. On the Changes of Temperature Produced by the Rarefaction and Condensation of Air. From: Philosophical Magazine, Series 3, Vol. 26, May 1845, pp. 369-383. ---- 2. [SEGUIN, M.] Note à l'appui de l'opinion émise par M. Joule, sur l'identité du mouvement et du calorique. In: Comptes Rendus, vol. 25, 1847, pp. 420-422. New wrappers. ---- 3. Expériences sur l'identité entre le calorique et la force mécanique. Détermination de l'equivalent par la chaleur dégagée pendant la friction du mercure. In: Comptes Rendus, vol. 25, 1847, pp. 309-311. ---- 4. Sur l'equivalent méchanique du calorique. In: Comptes Rendus, vol. 28, 1849, pp. 132-135. New wrappers. ---- 5. Some remarks on Heat, and the Constitution of Elastic Fluids. From: Philosophical Magazine, Series 4, Vol. 14, 1857, pp. 211-216. ---- 6. On an improved Galvanometer. In: Philosophical Magazine, Series 4, Vol. 15, 1858, pp. 432-432.

$452.56

MAX PLANCK: A group of 18 offprints, monographs and journal issues by and about Max Planck
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MAX PLANCK: A group of 18 offprints, monographs and journal issues by and about Max Planck

By PLANCK, Max

1908. Soft cover. Very Good. Soft cover. 8vo - over 7¾ - 9¾" tall. 1. Die Einheit des physikalischen Weltbildes: Vortrag gehalten am 9. Dezember 1908... Leipzig: Verlag von S. Hirzel, 1909, 38 pp. Original wrappers, some edge chipping, inscribed at top margin by American philosopher of science, Ernest Nagel (March 1925). First edition. - 2. New paths of physical knowledge. Extract from: Philosophical Magazine, 1915, vol. 28, p. 60-71. Stapled. - 3. Über neuere thermodynamische Theorien. Leipzig: Akademische Verlagsgesellschaft, 1912, 34 pp. Original printed wrappers, unopened, some edge chipping. First edition. - 4. Neue Bahnen der physikalischen Erkenntnis... Leipzig: Barth, 1916, 28 pp. Original wrappers, little stained. Second edition. Ownership stamp by Richard Prager, astronomer and pioneer of stellar photometry. - 5. Das Prinzip der Erhaltung der Energie. Leipzig u. Berlin: Teubner, 1921, 278 pp. Original printed boards, soiled and chipped. Fourth edition. - 6. Neue Bahnen der physikalischen Erkenntnis... Leipzig: Barth, 1923, 28 pp. Original printed wrappers. Third edition. - 7. Kausalgesetz und Willensfreiheit... Berlin: Julius Springer, 1923, 52 pp. Original printed wrappers, unopened, some chipping at spine. First edition. - 8. Ansprache, gehalten in der öffentlichen Sitzung am 24. Januar zur Feier des Jahrestages König Friedrichs II. Offprint from: Sitzungsberichte der preuss. Akademie der Wissenschaften, 19. Februar 1924, 8 pp. Little staining to gutter. - 9. Das Weltpild der neuen Physik. Leipzig: Barth, 1929, 52 pp. Original printed wrappers. Second edition. - 10. Das Weltpild der neuen Physik. Leipzig: Barth, 1930, 52 pp. Original printed wrappers. Third and fourth edition. - 11. [FERGUSON, Allan]. Prof. Planck and the Principle of Causality in Physics. In: Nature,Vol. 130, No. 3271, July 9, 1932, pp. 45-48. - 12. Feier des 80. Geburtstages des Ehrenmitgliedes der Deutschen Physikalischen Gesellschaft Herrn ... Max Planck... Offprint from: Verhandlungen der Deutschen Physikalischen Gesellschaft, Vol. 19, No. 2, 1938, pp. 57-76. Stapled as issued. - 13. Sinn und Grenzen der exakten Wissenschaft... Leipzig: Barth, 1942, 33 pp. Original printed wrappers, browned. Some pages with annotations in pencil. First edition. - 14. Wissenschaftliche Selbstbiographie. Leipzig: Barth, 1948, 34 pp. Original printed wrappers, little browned. Second edition. - 15. Die Physik im Kampf um die Weltanschauung... Leipzig: Barth, 1948, 30 pp. Original wrappers, little browned. Fifth edition. - 16. Vom Wesen der Willensfreiheit... Leipzig: Barth, 1948, 30 pp. Original wrappers. Fifth edition. - 17. Max Planck in seinen Akademie-Ansprachen. Erinnerungsschrift der Deutschen Akademie der Wissenschaften zu Berlin. Berlin: Akademie Verlag, 1948, 199 pp. Original printed wrappers. First edition. - 18. [FLINT, H. T.] Prof. Max Planck, For. Mem. R. S. Reprinted from: Nature, Vol. 161, p.13, 1948. 4 unnumbered pages. Author's dedication copy, monographed. -.

$633.58

Untersuchungen über die Ausbreitung der elektrischen Kraft
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Untersuchungen über die Ausbreitung der elektrischen Kraft

By HERTZ, Heinrich

Leipzig: Johann Ambrosius Barth, 1892. 1st Edition. Hardcover. Near Fine. 1st Edition. Hardcover. 8vo - over 7¾ - 9¾" tall. 8vo (216x140 mm). vi, [2], 295 [1] pp. Modern marbled cardboard, spine gilt. Interior very clean. A fine copy. ---- PMM 377; Norman 1061; Waller 11374. - FIRST COLLECTED EDITION of Hertz's series of papers on electromagnetic waves, originally published from 1887 through 1890, mostly in the Sitzungsberichte der Berliner Akademie der Wissenschaft or in the Annalen der Physik und Chemie. The papers include Hertz's report of his proof that electromagnetic waves travel at the same speed as light ("Ueber die Ausbreitungsgeschwindigkeit der elektrodynamischen Wirkungen", first published in the Sitzungsberichte der Berliner Akademie der Wissemchaft, 2 February 1888). "For Hertz his determination... of the velocity...was the most exciting moment in the entire sequence of experiments" (DSB). The later papers report a series of "more qualitative experiments carried out by Hertz in 1888 on the analogy between electricity and light waves" (DSB), in which he showed that electromagnetic waves are longer than light, but like light can be refracted, reflected and polarized. "This discovery and its demonstration led directly to radio communication, television and radar" (Dibner Heralds of Science 71).

$1074.83

Vorlesungen über Gastheorie / Vorlesungen über die Principe der Mechanik / Vorlesungen über Maxwells Theorie der Elektricität und des Lichtes
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Vorlesungen über Gastheorie / Vorlesungen über die Principe der Mechanik / Vorlesungen über Maxwells Theorie der Elektricität und des Lichtes

By BOLTZMANN, Ludwig

Leipzig: Ambrosius Barth, 1898. Hardcover. Near Fine. Hardcover. 8vo - over 7¾ - 9¾" tall. Fine collection of Boltzmann's most important lectures in appealing uniform binding, here in first and second editions: I. Vorlesungen über Gastheorie, 1. Theil, 1910, 204 pp. (2nd edition), II. Vorlesungen über Gastheorie, 2. Theil, 1898, 265 pp. (first edition); III. Vorlesungen über die Principe der Mechanik, 1.Theil, 1910, 241 pp. (2nd edition), IV. Vorlesungen über die Principe der Mechanik, 2.Theil, 1904, 335 pp. (first edition); V. Vorlesungen über Maxwells Theorie der Elektricität und des Lichtes, 1.Theil, 1908, 139 pp. (2nd edition), VI. Vorlesungen über Maxwells Theorie der Elektricität und des Lichtes, 2.Theil, 1908, 166 pp. (first edition). All vols. 8vo (213x138 mm), with half titles, contemporary white cloth, top edges gilt, very minor spotting throughout. ---- FIRST EDITION of part 2 and second edition of part 1 of "Vorlesungen über Gastheorie", Boltzmann's 'masterpiece of theoretical physics... This work can rightly be considered the peak of development achieved in the modern kinetic theory of gases' (Stanitz).

$1018.26

Raum und Zeit
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Raum und Zeit

By MINKOWSKI, Hermann

Leipzig: Teubner, 1909. 1st Edition. Hardcover. Near Fine. 1st Edition. Hardcover. 4to - over 9¾ - 12" tall. In: Jahresberichte der Deutschen Mathematiker-Vereinigung, vol. 18, pp. 75-88. Leipzig: Teubner, 1909. 4to (240x167 mm). Contemporary library cloth with handwritten paper label in modern cloth protective case with morocco spine label. The whole volume is offered. ---- PMM 401; DSB IX, 414; Norman 1514. - In this paper 'Space and Time,' read by Minkowski in Cologne only a few days before his death, he introduced the notion that made possible the expansion of the relativity theory of Einstein from its specific to its general form. The technical description of Minkowski's hypothesis is the four-dimensional space-time continuum... Minkowski maintained that the separation of time and space is a false conception; that time itself is itself a dimension, comparable to length, breadth and height; and that therefore the true conception of reality was constituted by a space-time continuum possessing these four dimensions..." (PMM). This is the original article as referenced by PMM. The work was also simultaneously published in "Jahresberichte der Deutschen Mathematiker-Vereinigung. Leipzig 1909, an edition which is much more common on the market.

$905.12

Ueber sehr schnelle electrische Schwingungen
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Ueber sehr schnelle electrische Schwingungen

By HERTZ, Heinrich

Leipzig: Johann Ambrosius Barth, 1887. 1st Edition. Hardcover. Near Fine. 1st Edition. Hardcover. 8vo - over 7¾ - 9¾" tall. Über sehr schnelle electrische Schwingungen; Nachtrag zu der Abhandlung über sehr schnelle electrische Schwingungen; Über einen Einfluss des ultravioletten Lichtes auf die electrische Entladung. In: Annalen der Physik 31, neue Folge, 1887, pp. 421-448, 543-544, 983-1000. Leipzig: Johann Ambrosius Barth, 1887. 8vo (209x136 mm). Contemporary cardboard, spine gilt with gilt paper label. Whole volume, viii, 1048 pp., including half title, general title with old library stamp (Gymnasium Ernestinum Gothanum). Interior clean with only minor occasional spotting. A fine copy. ---- Dibner Heralds of Science 71; See PMM 377; Norman 1060. - FIRST EDITION of Hertz's first paper on electromagnetic waves, with the second journal publication of his second paper. "When Hertz entered physics in the 1870's, electrodynamics was in a disorganized state. Theories had multiplied in its fifty years of development, and each had its own following... To encourage... the experimental decision between electrodynamic theories Helmholtz proposed through the Berlin Academy of Sciences in 1879 a second prize problem, this one in connection with the behavior of unclosed Circuits in Maxwell's theory... Although at the time Hertz declined to try the Berlin Academy problem... he kept the problem constantly in mind; and in 1886 shortly after arriving in Karisruhe he found that the Riess or Knochenhauer induction coils he was using in lecture demonstrations were precisely the means he needed for undertaking Helmholtz' test of Maxwell's theory... By the end of 1888 he had gone beyond the terms of Helniholtz' problem and had confinned the existence of electromagnetic waves in air... He published a total of nine papers from his electrical researches in Karlsruhe. They drew immediate, widespread recognition.." (DSB). -- In his first paper Hertz described the apparatus that he had devised for the detection and measurement of electromagnetic waves, the key to his later successes. To prove that electrical waves can be projected though space it was necessary to devise a means of both producing the waves and, more difficult at the time, of detecting them once produced. For this Hertz used "an effect as old as the discovery of electricity itself-the electric spark. By inducing the waves to produce an electric spark at a distance, with no apparent connexion between the oscillator and the spark gap, and by moving the sparking apparatus so that the length of the spark varied, he proved beyond question the passage of electric waves through space" (PMIVI). "Hertz's proof was the result of his experimental inventiveness... He regarded his detection device as his most original stroke, since no amount of theory would have predicted that it would work" (DSB). In his paper on ultraviolet light Hertz showed that UV light is alone responsible for the photoelectric effect, an effect which he foresaw as having "profound theoretical meaning for the connection of light and electricity" (op.cit.). The volume also includes papers by Max Planck, W C. Rontgen, R. Bunsen, and others.

$961.69

JOSEPH JOHN THOMSON: A group of 8 important offpints on physics and chemistry
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JOSEPH JOHN THOMSON: A group of 8 important offpints on physics and chemistry

By THOMSON, Joseph John

1894. 1st Edition. Soft cover. Very Good. 1st Edition. Soft cover. 8vo - over 7¾ - 9¾" tall. 1. Electric Discharge Through Gases. Offprint from: Proceedings of the Royal Institution of Great Britain, April 1894. 8vo, 9 pp. Stapled as issued. ---- 2. Some Applications of the Theory of Electric Discharge to Spectroscopy. Offprint from: Proceedings of the Royal Institution of Great Britain, January 1906. 8vo, 14 pp. Stapled as issued. ---- 3. Rays of Positive Electricity. Offprint from: Proceedings of the Royal Institution of Great Britain, March 1907. 8vo, 16 pp. Stapled as issued. ---- 4. The Carriers of Positive Electricity. Offprint from: Proceedings of the Royal Institution of Great Britain, April 1908. 8vo, 31 pp. Stapled as issued. ---- 5. Electrical Striations. Offprint from: Proceedings of the Royal Institution of Great Britain, April 1909. 8vo, 10 pp. Stapled as issued. ---- 6. A New Method of Chemical Analysis. Offprint from: Proceedings of the Royal Institution of Great Britain, April 1911. 8vo, 9 pp. Stapled as issued. ---- 7. Some Further Applications of the Method of Positive Rays. Offprint from: Proceedings of the Royal Institution of Great Britain, January 1913. 8vo, 9 pp. Stapled as issued. ---- 8. Further Researches of Positive Rays. Offprint from: Proceedings of the Royal Institution of Great Britain, April 1914. 8vo, 6 pp. Stapled as issued. ---- In 1913, as part of his exploration into the composition of canal rays, Thomson channelled a stream of ionized neon through a magnetic and an electric field and measured its deflection by placing a photographic plate in its path. Thomson observed two patches of light on the photographic plate, which suggested two different parabolas of deflection. Thomson concluded that neon is composed of atoms of two different atomic masses (neon-20 and neon-22), that is to say of two isotopes. This was the first evidence for isotopes of a stable element; Frederick Soddy had previously proposed the existence of isotopes to explain the decay of certain radioactive elements. Thomson's separation of neon isotopes by their mass was the first example of mass spectrometry, which was subsequently improved and developed into a general method by Thomson's student F. W. Aston and by A. J. Dempster. (Wikipedia).

$1357.68

Die Lehre von den Tonempfindungen als physiologische Grundlage für die Theorie der Musik
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Die Lehre von den Tonempfindungen als physiologische Grundlage für die Theorie der Musik

By HELMHOLTZ, Hermann von

Braunschweig: Vieweg, 1863. 1st Edition. Hardcover. Very Good. 1st Edition. Hardcover. 8vo - over 7¾ - 9¾" tall. 8vo (216x139 mm). xi, 600 pp. Contemporary half calf over marbled boards, spine gilt, inner hinges cracked but firm; interior slightly foxed, dedication inscription in ink to first flyleaf. ---- Garrison-Morton 1562; Horblit 49a; Norman 1044. - First Edition. "This exhaustive study of acoustics ranks as one of the greatest books on the subject and shows that Helmholtz was, besides being a great physicist and physician, an accomplished musician" (Garrison-Morton). Helmholtz's resonance theory of hearing, expounded in this work, remained unchallenged for decades. Helmholtz also explained that differences in timbre result from differences in upper partial tones, which depend in turn on how the fundamental is produced., and he applied this observation to music theory to explain that consonance and dissonance are produced by more or less coincident upper partial tones. "This foundation treatise on audition has been termed the Principia of physiological acoustics" (Grolier/Horblit).

$1244.54

Zur elektromagnetischen Theorie der Dispersion in isotropen Nichtleitern
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Zur elektromagnetischen Theorie der Dispersion in isotropen Nichtleitern

By PLANCK, Max

1902. 1st Edition. Soft cover. Very Good. 1st Edition. Soft cover. 4to - over 9¾ - 12" tall. Offprint from: Sitzungsberichte der königlich preussischen Akademie der Wissenschaften, Vol. 24, 1902, 25 pp. Original orange printed wrappers (little marginal soiling), internally lightly browned. Presentation copy ("Überreicht vom Verfasser"). FIRST EDITION. Rare early offprint and presentation copy by Max Planck.

$622.27

Isotopes
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Isotopes

By ASTON, Francis William

London: Edward Arnold & Co, 1922. 1st Edition. Hardcover. Very Good. 1st Edition. Hardcover. 8vo - over 7¾ - 9¾" tall. 8vo (220x140 mm). 152 pp. Original blue cloth, spine gilt. Ex libris label by Stillman Drake on inner cover. ---- DSB; Norman 77; PMM 412. - FIRST EDITION. Aston began researching the different atomic weights of two forms of neon at Cambridge in 1913 under the guidance of J.J. Thomson (discoverer of the electron). He left to fight in the First World War, but later continued, replacing Thomson's parabola apparatus with the mass spectrograph he had himself invented. His spectrograph gave more concentrated effects, which created greater clarity of identification. Aston received the Nobel prize for chemistry in 1922. "His achievements were kept continually before the scientific public by revised editions of his excellent book Isotopes (1922). This included observations on the abundance and distribution of isotopes and a clear forecast of the power and dangers of harnessed atomic energy."

$509.13

Possible Production of Elements of Atomic Number Higher than 92
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Possible Production of Elements of Atomic Number Higher than 92

By FERMI, Enrico

London: Macmillan, 1934. 1st Edition. Hardcover. Very Good. 1st Edition. Hardcover. 4to - over 9¾ - 12" tall. In: Nature 133, June 16, 1933, pp. 898-899. 4to. ---- D.S.B. Fermi 99, Norman 784 - Shortly after Joliot and Joliot-Curie's discovery of artificial radioactivity produced by alpha-particle bombardment of stable nuclei, Fermi and his assistants began a line of similar experiments using neutrons as projectiles, since neutrons.

$848.55

Expériences relatives à de nouveaux phénomènes électro-dynamiques
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Expériences relatives à de nouveaux phénomènes électro-dynamiques

By AMPERE, Andre-Marie

Paris: Crochard, 1822. 1st Edition. Hardcover. Fine. 1st Edition. Hardcover. 8vo - over 7¾ - 9¾" tall. Extract from: Annales de chimie et de physique, par MM. Gay-Lussac et Arago, Vol. 20. Paris: Crochard, 1822. 8vo. pp. 60-74, 1 folding plate. Modern boards, text somewhat browned, minor foxing, stronger foxing to plate. Provenance: Harrison D. Horblit, with his booklabel on inner cover (his sale, Sotheby's 1974, lot 33). ---- Horblit I, 33. Bolton, Periodicals, 346 a. Important contribution by Ampère to the science of electrodynamics. Eine der grundlegenden Arbeiten Amperes in der Nachfolge seiner bereits 1820 erfolgten Untersuchungen über die elektrodynamische Wechselwirkung von Strömen.

$735.41

Six Lectures on Light Delivered in America in 1872-1973
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Six Lectures on Light Delivered in America in 1872-1973

By TYNDALL, John

London: Longmans, Green, 1873. 1st Edition. Hardcover. Fine. 1st Edition. Hardcover. 8vo - over 7¾ - 9¾" tall. xiv, 278, [2:advertisements] pp., 32 pp. publisher's catalogue. Presentation copy, inscribed by the author. Publisher's cloth, institutional blind and ink stamps.

$780.67

Opera Omnia
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Opera Omnia

By BOYLE, Robert

Venice: Jacobi Hertz, 1696. 1st Edition. Hardcover. Fine. 1st Edition. Hardcover. 4to - over 9¾ - 12" tall. Venice: Jacobi Hertz, 1696-1697. 3 volumes, 4to (232x163 mm). [16], 1036; [12], 903, [9]; [16], 512, 333 [1] pp. Half-title and title printed in red and black with title vignette in vol. I, engraved portrait, 12 engraved plates of which 11 folding, woodcut head- and -tail pieces and initials, occasional light browning. Contemporary vellum, morocco label (extremities rubbed, some staining). Erased inscriptions on titles (pasted over with paper), old shelf mark labels on spine of 2 vols. A handsome copy, internally bright and virtually unspotted. ---- Fulton, 242. - FIRST EDITION of the collected works in Latin. Quite rare.

$2036.52

Monumenta omnia mathematica (1685) + Opera quae extant (1615)
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Monumenta omnia mathematica (1685) + Opera quae extant (1615)

By ARCHIMEDES Syracusani [ Maurolico ]

Panormi [Palermo]: apud D. Cyllenium Hesperium, sumpt. Antonini Giardinae bibliopolae Panorm, 1685. 1st Edition. Hardcover. Fine. 1st Edition. Hardcover. Folio - over 12 - 15" tall. Monumenta omnia mathematica, quae extant, quorumque catalogum inuersa pagina demonstrat : ex traditione ... D. Francisci Maurolici ... opus præclarissimum, non priùs typis commissum [ed. J. S. Salva]. Folio (309x213 mm). [8], 296 pp., title page printed in red and black with large woodcut device, many woodcut diagrams in text, blanks present. Bound at the end are two excerpts (complete in itself) from Archimedes' Opera quae extant (edited by David Rivault, Paris: Claude Morel, 1615), in parallel Latin and Greek text with several woodcut ills. and diagrams: (1) Planorum Aequiponderantium, seu centra gravitatum planorum, pp. 145-218; (2) De insidentibus humido libri duo..., pp. 487-549 (1:blank). Near contemporary calf (rubbed and scuffed at extremities, but binding sound and strong), gilt spine with label, edges colored in red, silk marker present. Text somewhat browned throughout, some (mainly marginal) dampstaining, occational paper repairs to edges, p. 250 with small hole. Provenance: Willem Jacob 's Gravesande (1688-1742), Duch philosopher and mathematician (18C inscription to first page of first extract, reading "Gennete / Ex libris Domini s'Gravesande"). A nice copy of interesting provenance. ---- A paraphrase of Archimedes' works made between 1534 and 1550 by the Sicilian Francesco Maurlico (1494-1575) some of which was printed at Messina by Paolo Bonacota, 1670-72. This was never published but the sheets were acquired by Lorenzo di Tommaso and then confiscated by the Spanish authorities in 1678. Juan Siverstre Salva acquired 425 copies of the original edition (COPAC). The bound in extracts are form the second and influential 1615 Greek and Latin edition (DSB) of the works of Archimedes, valuable for its numerous woodcuts and diagrams (see Houzeau-L. 826; Riccardi I/1, 43; Cantor II, 659).

$4751.88

Opuscula mathematica, philosophica et philologica. Collegit partimque Latine vertit ac recensuit J. Castillioneus (d. i. G. F. Salvemini)
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Opuscula mathematica, philosophica et philologica. Collegit partimque Latine vertit ac recensuit J. Castillioneus (d. i. G. F. Salvemini)

By NEWTON, Isaac

Lausanne and Geneva: Bousquet, 1744. 1st Edition. Hardcover. Near Fine. 1st Edition. Hardcover. 4to - over 9¾ - 12" tall. With 3 engraved title vignettes, 64 folded copper plates and 2 folded tables. [4], xxviii (recte 38), 420 pp.; [1], vi, 423 pp.; vi, 566 (recte 562) pp., [1]. Pages 157/158 of Vol. 1 folded in at lower margin as imprint exeeds book block; pages 17-20 of Vol. 3 with minor defects in outer margins, somewhat browned, minor foxing. Contemporary full calf, spines gilt with red and black morocco lables. ---- Wallis 2. DSB X, 93. Poggendorff II, 279. Roller-G. II, 235. Babson 9 (Gray 2). Newton's "Opuscula Mathematica [...]" covers many different treatises by Isaac Newton, from his mathematical works and optical lectures, which were greatly influential and laid the basis for modern science, to his philological essays on history and theology. Thus the work presents several of his most influential texts. The three volumes of "Opuscula Mathematica" are part of a hybrid set of in all 8 volumes of the first collected works of Isaac Newton. The hybrid set was published between 1739-1761 and also consists of "Geneva Principia" , 3 vols. (1739-42), "Opticks" (1740) and "Arithmatica Universalis" (1761), but the three volumes of "Opuscula Mathematica" are usually found separate.

$4355.89

A New Type of Secondary Radiation
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A New Type of Secondary Radiation

By RAMAN, Chandrasekhara Venkata & KRISHNAN, K. S.

London, 1928. 1st Edition. Soft cover. Very Good. 1st Edition. Soft cover. 4to - over 9¾ - 12" tall. In: Nature, vol. 121, Supplement, 31st March 1928, pp. 501-502, original printed wrappers with rusted staples, slim large 8vo. --- On February 28, 1928, Raman through his experiments on the scattering of light, discovered the effect which is named after him. It was instantly clear that this discovery was an important one. It gave further proof of the quantum nature of light. Raman spectroscopy came to be based on this phenomenon, and Ernest Rutherford referred to it in his presidential address to the Royal Society in 1929. He won the 1930 Nobel Prize in Physics "for his work on the scattering of light and for the discovery of the effect named after him. He was the first Asian and first non-White to get any Nobel Prize in the sciences.

$667.53

Ueber quantentheoretische Kinematik und Mechanik
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Ueber quantentheoretische Kinematik und Mechanik

By HEISENBERG, Werner

Berlin: Julius Springer, 1926. 1st Edition. Soft cover. Very Good. 1st Edition. Soft cover. 8vo - over 7¾ - 9¾" tall. Offprint from: Mathematische Annalen, Vol. 95, Nr. 5. Berlin: Julius Springer, 1926, pp. 683-705. Bound without wrapper; titel page torn at inner margin.

$1357.68

Demonstration physique du movement de rotation de la terre au moyen du pendule
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Demonstration physique du movement de rotation de la terre au moyen du pendule

By FOUCAULT, Jean Bernard Leon

Paris: Bachelier, 1851. 1st Edition. Hardcover. Very Good. 1st Edition. Hardcover. 4to - over 9¾ - 12" tall. In: Comptes Rendus Hebdomadaires des Seances de l'Academie des Sciences 32, Paris, Bachelier, 1851. 4to. (266 x 216 mm); pp. 135-138 (entire volume: 1010 pages). New endpapers. Library stamp of Universitätsbibliothek Paderborn and some additional library markings on the lower margin of page 2. Pages 959 to 1010 (index according to author and topic) in facsimile. Modern cloth with gilt-embossed spine. ---- PMM 130 (offprint), Dibner 17, Norman 818 (offprint). - THE FIRST MECHANICAL DEMONSTRATION OF THE EARTH'S ROTATION FIRST EDITION, RARE. To postulate astronomical behaviour is one order of thought, to prove its demonstration is of quite another order. The rotation of the earth had been accepted since Copernicus but it remained for Foucault to demonstrate it. He suspended an iron ball pendulum from the dome of the Pantheon in Paris, set it swinging and chartered its constantly rotating angular shift and proved it to rotate completely in one day." (Dibner, Heralds of Science 17). Although the rotation of the earth had been accepted since Copernicus, it was Foucault who first demonstrated it by experiment."His early experiments were private, but Louis Napoleon (later Napoleon III) became so interested that he arranged for them to be repeated publicly. This was a splendid affair which took place in the Pantheon in 1851 before a fashionable audience. A heavy ball was suspended from the dome on a wire 220 feet long; beneath the ball was a table 12 feet in diameter covered with sand on which the ball would leave a mark. This is known as 'Foucault's pendulum'. It soon became apparent that the plane in which the pendulum was swinging moved in a clockwise direction and in about thirty-two hours the plane of vibration had completed a full circuit... The audience in the Pantheon was greatly impressed; some ladies fainted with excitement, while other spectators maintained that they could feel the earth move beneath them" (PMM 330). "Continuing to experiment on the mechanics of the earth's rotation, Foucault in 1852 invented the gyroscope, which, he showed, gave a clearer demonstration than the pendulum of the earth's rotation and had the property, similar to that of the magnetic needle, of maintaining a fixed diretion. Foucault's pendulum and gyroscope had more than a popular significance (which continues to this day). First, they stimulated the development of theoretical mechanics, making relative motion and the theories of the pendulum and the gyroscope standard topics for study and investigation. Second, prior to Foucault's demonstrations, the study of those motions on the earth's surface in which the deflecting force of rotation plays a prominent part (especially winds and ocean currents) was dominated by unphysical notions of how this force acted. Foucault's demonstrations and the theoretical treatments they inspired showed conclusively that this deflecting fore acts in all horizontal directions, thus providing the sound physical insight on which Buys Ballot, Ferrel, Ulrich Vettin, and others could build" (Dictionary of Scientific Biography V, p. 86).

$3167.92

Optice; sive de reflexionibus, refractionibus, inflexionibus & coloribus lucis libri tres
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Optice; sive de reflexionibus, refractionibus, inflexionibus & coloribus lucis libri tres

By NEWTON, Isaac

London: Samuel Smith and Benjamin Walford, 1706. 1st Edition. Hardcover. Very Good. 1st Edition. Hardcover. 4to - over 9¾ - 12" tall. 4to (240 x 190 mm). [14], 1-348, 1-24, [2] 1-24, 21-43 [1] pp. 19 folding engraved plates, Ss1 a cancel leaf as usual. Contemporary full vellum, spine with old ink lettering and remnant of leather label (vellum little soiled), red-sprinkled edges. Text and plates generally crisp and clean with very little faint spotting, a few dampstains and wormholes in lower blank margin of first 10 leaves not affecting text, some worming to endpapers and title-page, tiny wormholes in lower margin of final pages and plates. Provenance: W. Heffer & Sons, Cambridge (small sticker to front pastedown). A very good copy with ample margins in untouched original binding. ---- Babson 137; Wallis 179, Norman 1589. - FIRST LATIN EDITION. The first edition of OPTICKS was printed two years earlier in English and without Newton's customary use of editorial assistance. He then employed Samuel Clarke to make a Latin translation with the addition of seven new Queries. At the end of the book are two mathematical treatises, DE QUADRATURA and ENUMERATIO LINEARUM TERTII ORDINIS, which Newton added to establish his priority over Leibniz in the invention of the calculus. Next to the PRINCIPIA, the OPTICKS stands as Newton's greatest work. Much of the a OPTICKS was written thirty years earlier and finally put into print in 1704, just a few months after Newton assumed the chair as President of the Royal Society. It summarized his discoveries and theories concerning light and color, the spectrum of sunlight, the degrees of refraction associated with different colors, the color circle, the invention of the reflecting telescope, the first workable theory of the rainbow, and interference effects in conjunction with Newton's rings. It expounds his corpuscular or emission theory of light.

$7354.10

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