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The ornithology of Francis Willughby of Middleton in the county of Warwick Esq; fellow of the Royal Society. In three books. Wherein all the birds hitherto known, being reduced into a method sutable to their natures, are accurately described. The descriptions illustrated by most elegant figures, nearly resembling the live birds, engraven in LXXVII copper plates. Translated into English, and enlarged with many additions throughout the whole work. To which are added, three considerable discourses, I. Of the art of fowling: with a description of several nets in two large copper plates. II. Of the ordering of singing birds. III. Of falconry. By John Ray, fellow of the Royal Society by  Francis (1635-1672); John Ray (1627-1705) WILLUGHBY - First Edition thus - 1678 - from Fine Editions Ltd (SKU: BB2222)

The ornithology of Francis Willughby of Middleton in the county of Warwick Esq; fellow of the Royal Society. In three books. Wherein all the birds hitherto known, being reduced into a method sutable to their natures, are accurately described. The descriptions illustrated by most elegant figures, nearly resembling the live birds, engraven in LXXVII copper plates. Translated into English, and enlarged with many additions throughout the whole work. To which are added, three considerable discourses, I. Of the art of fowling: with a description of several nets in two large copper plates. II. Of the ordering of singing birds. III. Of falconry. By John Ray, fellow of the Royal Society

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The ornithology of Francis Willughby of Middleton in the county of Warwick Esq; fellow of the Royal Society. In three books. Wherein all the birds hitherto known, being reduced into a method sutable to their natures, are accurately described. The descriptions illustrated by most elegant figures, nearly resembling the live birds, engraven in LXXVII copper plates. Translated into English, and enlarged with many additions throughout the whole work. To which are added, three considerable discourses, I. Of the art of fowling: with a description of several nets in two large copper plates. II. Of the ordering of singing birds. III. Of falconry. By John Ray, fellow of the Royal Society

by WILLUGHBY, Francis (1635-1672); John Ray (1627-1705)

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About This Item

London: printed by A[ndrew]. C[larke]. for John Martyn, printer to the Royal Society, at the Bell in St. Pauls Church-Yard, 1678. First Edition thus. Paneled Calf. Near Fine+. First Edition in English of "one of the most important treatises on ornithology of all time, being the first systematic classification of the birds of the world." (Wood). Translated, edited and slightly expanded by Ray from Willughby's Latin original. Crown folio (364 x 231mm): [12],53,[3],55-271,[3],273-441,[7]pp, with two full-page letterpress tables and 80 leaves of plates, most unsigned but some credited to Thomas Browne and three by F. H. van Hove, two by W. Faithorne, and one by W. Sherwin. The two engraved plates showing techniques and equipment for snaring birds, often absent, are bound in at p. 28 (as prescribed); the remaining 78 numbered plates (depicting more than 200 species) appear at the end. An excellent example, beautifully bound to style in recent quarter calf over marbled paper-covered boards, spine in seven compartments divided by gilt-ruled raised bands, end papers renewed, title page in red and black. Binding pristine, title page lightly soiled, text block generally clean throughout and virtually free of foxing, two plates with short marginal tears far from images, old repair to one plate corner. Wing W2880. Nissen IVB 991. BM(NH) V, p.2331. Wood (McGill), p.629. Zimmer (Ayer Ornithological Library), pp. 676-78. Anker 532 ("marks an epoch in the history of ornithology"). Lowndes 2939. Bibliotheca Bibliographici 39. Mullens, pp. 7-8. In the 1660's, John Ray and his pupil (and, later, patron) Francis Willughby toured the Continent, gathering material for their planned complete classification of the vegetable and animal kingdoms. After Willughby's early death in 1672, which deprived Ray of both a collaborator and a friend, Ray took over his notes, and, having edited the incomplete manuscript and added his own observations, published Francisci Willughbeii ornithologiae libri tres; totum opus recognovit, digressit, supplevit Joannes Raius, in 1676. The present work, a translation by Ray, was published two years later and includes three more plates than the Latin edition as well as an expanded text, including three additional sections by Ray on fowling, falconry, and songbirds. In all, Ray and Willughby described more than 230 species, which they had observed. Ray's systemization was revolutionary (Zimmer calls it the "cornerstone of modern systematic ornithology"), preserving the broad division of land and water birds, but rather than subdividing functionally, on grounds of diet, singing ability, and other behavioral traits, he introduced a classification based on anatomy, using for criteria foot structure, beak form, and body size. In the preface, Ray writes that the plates, despite some difficulties in communication between himself and the engravers, "are the best and truest, that is, most like the live Birds, of any hitherto engraven in Brass." Isaac Newton called this work the "foundation of scientific ornithology." N. B. With few exceptions (always identified), we only stock books in exceptional condition. All orders are packaged with care and posted promptly. Satisfaction guaranteed. (Fine Editions Ltd is a member of the Independent Online Booksellers Association, and we subscribe to its codes of ethics.).

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Details

Bookseller
Fine Editions Ltd US (US)
Bookseller Inventory #
BB2222
Title
The ornithology of Francis Willughby of Middleton in the county of Warwick Esq; fellow of the Royal Society. In three books. Wherein all the birds hitherto known, being reduced into a method sutable to their natures, are accurately described. The descriptions illustrated by most elegant figures, nearly resembling the live birds, engraven in LXXVII copper plates. Translated into English, and enlarged with many additions throughout the whole work. To which are added, three considerable discourses, I. Of the art of fowling: with a description of several nets in two large copper plates. II. Of the ordering of singing birds. III. Of falconry. By John Ray, fellow of the Royal Society
Author
WILLUGHBY, Francis (1635-1672); John Ray (1627-1705)
Format/binding
Paneled Calf
Book condition
Used - Near Fine+
Quantity available
1
Edition
First Edition thus
Publisher
printed by A[ndrew]. C[larke]. for John Martyn, printer to the Royal Society, at the Bell in St. Pauls Church-Yard
Place of Publication
London
Date published
1678
Keywords
Birds—Early works to 1800. Fowling—Early works to 1800. Falconry—Early works to 1800.
Bookseller catalogs
XIX CENTURY;

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About Fine Editions Ltd

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soiled
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spine
The outer portion of a book which covers the actual binding. The spine usually faces outward when a book is placed on a shelf....[more]
text block
Most simply the inside pages of a book.  More precisely, the block of paper formed by the cut and stacked pages of a...[more]
title page
A page at the front of a book which may contain the title of the book, any subtitles, the authors, contributors, editors, the...[more]
folio
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plate
Full page illustration or photograph. Plates are printed separately from the text of the book, and bound in at production. I.e.,...[more]
leaves
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raised band(s)
Raised bands refer to the ridges that protrude slightly from the spine on leather bound books.  The bands are created...[more]
First Edition
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calf
Calf or calf hide is a common form of leather binding.  Calf binding is naturally a light brown but there are ways to treat...[more]

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