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Comoediae novem, en grec.

Comoediae novem, en grec.

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Comoediae novem, en grec.

by ARISTOPHANE

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About This Item

Venice, Aldus Manutius, July 15th 1498.

Folio [317 x 210 mm] of (347) ll. Many comments from 41 to 42 lines a page, on the borders of the text. Bound in limp vellum, flat spine with the title handwritten in ink, blue edges. Binding from the end of the 16th century.

Editio princeps of Aristophanes' Comedies.

HC 1656; BMC, V, 559; GW 2333; Goff A 958; Essling 1163; Renouard, Alde, 16; Brunet, I, 451; Picot, Catalogue Rothschild, n°1061.

"First edition, fine and rare." (Brunet)

In this first edition, Aldus Manutius presents to the educated audience of the Italian Renaissance 9 of the 11 complete comedies of Aristophanes of which manuscripts reached us: Ploutos, les Nuées, les Grenouilles, les Cavaliers, les Acharniens, les Guêpes, les Oiseaux, la Paix and l'Assemblée des femmes.

Aldus had the intention to include in this editio princeps a tenth play, Lysistrata, but he did not manage to find a manuscript containing the full text of this comedy.

In his Latin letter of dedication to Daniele Clario, a Greek and Latin professor in Ragusa, Aldus emphasizes the impossibility to trust altered texts in their Latin versions by Aristotle, Galen and Euclid. He adds that it is time to turn to the great Greek literature and the Comedies by Aristophanes are sent to Clario as the best guide in order to immerse oneself in the purity of the ancient language.

Aldus also remembers the answer of Theodore Gaza to whom was asked which Greek author was to advise to readers desirous to learn the great Greek language: "only Aristophanes".

This editio princeps was realized by Aldus under the supervision of Marc Musurus (1470-1517), one of the Greek scholars who contributed to spread the taste for letters in Europeand who was appointed by the Senate of Venice to practice a kind of literary inspection of the works that the Aldus were printing.

As a disciple of Jean Lascaris, Musurus was indeed part of the academy that gathered in Aldus Manutius' workshop and he was giving his agreement on the contain of Greek manuscripts from the Ancient history.

The edition was published with very copious comments by Marc Mursus which enhance its interest.

Aristophanes is the only poet from the ancient comedy whose complete plays have reached us. Since the ancient times, the excellence and the subtlety of his mind and style were already praised by Plato who thought that the Graces had found a shrine in his soul.

"The summit of Aristophanes career was marked by the enthusiasm that aroused his 'Frogs' in 405. In this committed and political play, Aristophanes brightly deals with the question of tragedy by confronting Euripides the modern poet with Aeschylus, the poet from the old and glorious Athens. Dionysus was consulted and acknowledged Aeschylus' superiority".

Modern critics agree to emphasize the extraordinary modernity of those lively comedies in which Aristophanes emerges as an incomparable painter of the manners of the Athenian society.

"A vigorous political poet, comparable to Dante, Aristophanes is also the archetypal poet of the joy of living, of an overflowing sensuality, an ancient Rabelais". A. Lokinovich.

A superb wide-margined copy, very fresh, of this precious editio princeps of the works of the great comic poet from the ancient times, preserved in its attractive binding in limp vellum.


FR

Venise, Alde Manuce, 15 juillet 1498.

In-folio de (347) ff. Commentaires nombreux de 41 à 42 lignes à la page, encadrant le texte. Relié en plein vélin ivoire souple, dos lisse orné du titre manuscrit à l'encre, tranches bleues. Reliure de la fin du XVIe siècle.

317 x 210 mm.

Edition princeps des comédies d'Aristophane.

HC 1656 ; BMC, V, 559 ; GW 2333 ; Goff A 958 ; Essling 1163 ; Renouard, Alde, 16 ; Brunet, I, 451; Picot, Catalogue Rothschild, n°1061.

" Première édition, belle et rare. " (Brunet)

Dans cette première édition, Alde Manuce présente au public cultivé de la Renaissance italienne 9 des 11 comédies complètes d'Aristophane dont les manuscrits soient parvenus jusqu'à nous : Ploutos, les Nuées, les Grenouilles, les Cavaliers, les Acharniens, les Guêpes, les Oiseaux, la Paix et l'Assemblée des femmes.

Alde avait l'intention d'inclure dans cette édition princeps une dixième pièce, Lysistrata, mais il ne parvint pas à trouver un manuscrit comportant le texte complet de cette comédie.

Dans sa lettre de dédicace en latin à Daniele Clario, professeur de grec et de latin à Raguse, Alde souligne l'impossibilité de se fier aux textes altérés des versions latines d'Aristote, Galien et Euclide.

Il ajoute que le temps est venu de se tourner vers la grande littérature grecque et les Comédies d'Aristophane sont envoyées à Clario comme le meilleur des guides pour s'imprégner de la pureté de la langue antique.

Alde se souvient aussi de la réponse de Theodore Gaza auquel on avait demandé quel auteur grec il convenait de conseiller à des lecteurs désireux d'apprendre la grande langue grecque : " seulement Aristophane ".

Cette édition princeps fut réalisée par Alde sous le contrôle de Marc Musurus (1470-1517), l'un des savants grecs qui contribua à répandre le goût des lettres en Europe et qui avait été chargé par le Sénat de Venise d'exercer une sorte d'inspection littéraire sur les ouvrages que les Alde mettaient sous presse.

Disciple de Jean Lascaris, Musurus faisait en effet partie de l'académie qui se réunissait dans l'atelier d'Alde Manuce et donnait son accord sur le contenu des manuscrits grecs de l'Antiquité.

L'édition fut ainsi publiée avec des commentaires très copieux de Marc Musurus qui en rehaussent l'intérêt.

Aristophane est le seul des poètes de la comédie ancienne dont des pièces de théâtre complètes soient parvenues jusqu'à nous. Dès l'Antiquité, l'excellence de son style et sa finesse d'esprit étaient déjà louées par Platon qui pensait que les Grâces avaient trouvé un sanctuaire dans son âme.

" Le sommet de la carrière d'Aristophane fut marqué par l'enthousiasme que suscitèrent ses 'Grenouilles' en 405. Dans cette pièce engagée et politique, Aristophane traitait brillamment de la question de la tragédie en confrontant Euripide le poète moderne, à Eschyle, le poète de la vieille et glorieuse Athènes. Dionysos consulté, devait reconnaitre la supériorité d'Eschyle ".

Les critiques modernes s'accordent à souligner la modernité inouïe de ces comédies enlevées dans lesquelles Aristophane se révèle un peintre incomparable des mœurs de la société athénienne.

" Poète politique vigoureux, comparable en cela à Dante, Aristophane est en même temps le poète par excellence de la joie de vivre, de la sensualité débordante, un Rabelais antique ". A. Lokinovich.

Superbe exemplaire, très frais et grand de marges, de cette précieuse édition princeps des œuvres du grand poète comique de l'antiquité, conservé dans sa séduisante reliure en vélin souple.

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Details

Bookseller
LIBRAIRIE CAMILLE SOURGET FR (FR)
Bookseller's Inventory #
BIBLIO-LIVE-4-5
Title
Comoediae novem, en grec.
Author
ARISTOPHANE
Book Condition
Used
Quantity Available
1
Binding
Hardcover
Weight
0.00 lbs

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LIBRAIRIE CAMILLE SOURGET

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